May 27, 2009
Naturalization and the law of blood
In Europe, economic, social and political rights are essentially defined by the law of the blood and naturalization, not according to the place of residence. Conclusion: citizens of countries outside of the European Union and EU citizens don’t have the same rights. Another difference is that each member state has its own legislation in this matter, which creates great disparities among the EU countries. The legal rights of the migrants are also very different. For example: a Moroccan or a Congolese living in Sweden benefits from the right to vote on the local as well as national level, the ones living in Belgium have the right to vote at local level only and the ones living in France do not have the right to vote at all!
The inequalities that divide
The result of the situation: this system is doubly unfair as it does not grant the same rights to EU citizens and migrants, rather it escalates migrant difficulties, offering them different rights depending on the country in which they reside. This is what tends to impair their situation and adds to their vulnerability when facing attacks from the European extreme right. The latter regularly launches hate-campaigns and pollutes democratic debates when pointing out the immigrant as scape-goats of economic and social problems.
To unify European legislation in the matter of civil rights would not only be an advancement in democracy but a measure of civilization for solidarity in Europe an the world.
Facing this situation, we propose to:
Steer the evolution of European legislation towards taking into consideration the law of the land.
Allow all citizens of the non-EU countries who live in Europe to move, study and work freely within the whole European communities, based on the principle of citizenship according to residence.
To have the right to vote and the eligibility to take part in municipal and European elections without the distinction of origin on the list of civil and political rights.
Harmonise the national legislations in such a way that the Charter of fundamental rights adopted in Nice in December 2000 would be mandatory for all member states.Author : Challenge for Europe