Challenge for Europe

All goods are not destined to be marketable. We cannot limit ourselves to distinguish, as we often do, private goods that belong on the free market and public goods which, by nature or by destiny, need to be managed by public authority. In a modern society, it is necessary to distinguish between goods and services by their deeper nature. This leads to the elaboration of four categories: goods that are destroyed when you share them (category 1); goods of finite quantity that divide when you share (category 2); goods of infinite quantity that divide when you share them (category 3); and goods that multiply when you share them (category 4). A different governance regime should apply to each of these categories of goods.

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The author, Pierre Calame, French, was a civil servant at the Ministry of Infrastructure between 1968 and 1988 where he occupied various posts of responsibility at the territorial, central, and international level. Since 1988, he has directed the Charles Leopold Mayer foundation for the Progress of Man, a Swiss foundation with an international calling. A specialist of governance, he notably has written: l’Etat au Coeur with André Talmant (Desclée de Brouwer, 1997) on the reform of the state; La Démocratie en Miettes: Pour une Révolution de la Gouvernance (Descartes and CIE and ECLM, 2003) which proposed that governance be re-rooted in the universal principals that emerge from experience; and Essaie sur l’Oeconomie (ECLM, 2009) which proposes the rethinking of the economy starting with common principles of governance.

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